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Reports and Publications

There are a number of resources available which provide further information on recent developments in transnational education (TNE) and key challenges to consider. A selection can be found below.  If you would like further information on TNE activities in specific countries please visit our country profiles section.

HEGlobal reports and publications

This section contains research commissioned and conducted by the HEGlobal programme.

The Scale and Scope of UK Higher Education Transnational Education

This report looks at the UK's outgoing higher education transnational education (TNE). It considers where TNE is being delivered, what types and what subjects are being studied, and case studies.

Read more here.

External reports and publications

This second contacts resources which provide further information on recent developments in transnational education (TNE) and key challenges to consider.

  •  Academic Cooperation Association on behalf of the European Commission (2008) Transnational education in the European context - provision, approaches and policies. This study investigates the extent and modes of delivery used for transnational education by European providers and identifies strategic drivers for export of education at the institutional, national and European level.
  •  Bennett, P et al., 2010, Quality Assurance in Transnational Higher Education, European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education, Helsinki. The European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (ENQA) organised a Bologna seminar on Quality Assurance in transnational education. This report presents the perspectives of the various stakeholders at the seminar and highlights the main findings and recommendations arising from it.
  • British Council et al.,  The shape of things to come: Higher education global trends and emerging opportunities to 2020 (June 2012) The Shape of Things to Come: Higher Education Global Trends and Emerging Opportunities to 2020 provides a rigorous analysis of prevailing trends that are shaping higher education globally. It also looks into the next decade to determine how these will unfold.
  • British Council, et al., The shape of things to come, Transnational education: data, definitions, opportunities and impact analysis (September 2013) This is the second report in The shapeof things to come series and it maps the evolutionary development of transnational education (TNE). It investigates the extent to which TNE has supported host countries' education agendas over time and in different parts of the world, and assesses the regulatory and market environment in 25 different countries and administrative regions to assess the factors that are most conducive to the successful delivery of TNE.
  • Burnapp, David, (2011) Strategic Implications of International Collaborations in Higher Education A set of transnational case studies, together with a toolkit for institutions to develop their international strategy
  • Dunn, L and Wallace, M (eds.), 2008, Teaching in Transnational Education: Enhancing Learning for Offshore International Students, Routledge, London.
  •  Garton, J, 2010, What Does it Take to Become Transnational? Public and Private Alliances in TNE, Australian International Education Conference, 12-15 October 2010, Adelaide. This paper argues that acquiring transnational assets requires the development of multinational entrepreneurial skills and transnational expertise.
  • Lawton, W and Katsomitros, A, 2012, International branch campuses: data and developments, The Observatory on Borderless Higher Education. This is the fourth survey report on international branch campuses (IBCs) from the Observatory on Borderless Higher Education and is based primarily on data collected between July and December 2011.
  •  Lawton, William et al. (September 2013) Horizon scanning: what will higher education look like in 2020 ? Please click here for the report This 'horizon scan' of higher education in 2020 is based on telephone interviews conducted in May and June 2013, other conversations by phone and e-mail, and the Observatory's extrapolation of current trends in international higher education and the public discourse around them. The core interviewees are listed in the Annex, along with the questions asked of them.
  •  McBurnie, G, Ziguras, C, 2007, Transnational education: issues and trends in offshore higher education, Routledge, Abingdon. This book covers a range of topics of relevance to transnational education, including the extent and form of offshore activity, the pedagogical and cultural controversies that have plagued transnational education, the challenges it presents to governments, educators and HE managers, regulation, and new opportunities.
  •  QAA,  Higher Education Empirical Research database A bibiography of a range of articles/ publications  on TNE from the Quality Assurance Agency.
  •  Shams, F and Huisman, J, published online 19 August 2011, Managing Offshore Branch Campuses: An Analytical Framework for Institutional Strategies, Journal of Studies in International Education. The aim of this article is to develop a framework that encapsulates the key managerial complexities of running offshore branch campuses.
  • Smith, K, 2010, Assuring quality in transnational higher education: a matter of collaboration or control?, Studies in Higher Education, vol. 35, iss. 7, pp. 793-806. The article looks at three codes of practice from major exporters of higher education: USA, UK and Australia. The article focuses specifically on the roles and responsibilities of the awarding higher education institution and their partner, issues of equivalence and opportunities for adaptation of curricula to meet global and local requirements.
  •  Zigaras, Christopher, Global Trends and Key Trends in Transnational Education (November 2011)

In addition to the above resources, there are a number of journal articles and other resources available which focus on transnational education activities in specific countries. Visit further information sources for guidance on where you can find these.