There are a number of resources available which provide further
information on recent developments in transnational education (TNE) and key challenges to
consider. A selection can be found below. If you would like
further information on TNE activities in specific countries
please visit our country profiles section.
HEGlobal reports and publications
This section contains research commissioned and conducted by the
The Scale and Scope of UK Higher Education Transnational
This report looks at the UK's outgoing higher education
transnational education (TNE). It considers where TNE is being
delivered, what types and what subjects are being studied, and case
Read more here.
External reports and publications
This second contacts resources which provide further information
on recent developments in transnational education (TNE)
and key challenges to consider.
- Academic Cooperation Association on behalf of the
European Commission (2008) Transnational education in the European
context - provision, approaches and policies.
This study investigates the extent and modes of delivery used for
transnational education by European providers and identifies
strategic drivers for export of education at the institutional,
national and European level.
- Bennett, P et al., 2010, Quality Assurance in
Transnational Higher Education, European Association for Quality
Assurance in Higher Education, Helsinki. http://www.enqa.eu/pubs.lasso The European
Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (ENQA)
organised a Bologna seminar on Quality Assurance in transnational
education. This report presents the perspectives of the various
stakeholders at the seminar and highlights the main findings and
recommendations arising from it.
- British Council et al., The shape of things to
come: Higher education global trends and emerging opportunities to
2020 (June 2012)
The Shape of Things to Come: Higher Education Global Trends and
Emerging Opportunities to 2020 provides a rigorous analysis of
prevailing trends that are shaping higher education globally. It
also looks into the next decade to determine how these will
- British Council, et al., The shape of things to come,
Transnational education: data, definitions, opportunities and
impact analysis (September 2013)
is the second report in The shapeof things to come series and it
maps the evolutionary development of transnational education (TNE).
It investigates the extent to which TNE has supported host
countries' education agendas over time and in different parts of
the world, and assesses the regulatory and market environment in 25
different countries and administrative regions to assess the
factors that are most conducive to the successful delivery of
- Burnapp, David, (2011) Strategic Implications of
International Collaborations in Higher Education http://nbsbitesize.northampton.ac.uk/intercollab-tool/.
A set of transnational case studies, together with a toolkit for
institutions to develop their international strategy
- Dunn, L and Wallace, M (eds.), 2008, Teaching in
Transnational Education: Enhancing Learning for Offshore
International Students, Routledge, London. http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415420549/
- Garton, J, 2010, What Does it Take to Become
Transnational? Public and Private Alliances in TNE, Australian
International Education Conference, 12-15 October 2010,
This paper argues that acquiring transnational assets requires the
development of multinational entrepreneurial skills and
- Lawton, W and Katsomitros, A, 2012, International
branch campuses: data and developments, The Observatory on
Borderless Higher Education.http://www.obhe.ac.uk/documents/view_details?id=894
This is the fourth survey report on international branch campuses
(IBCs) from the Observatory on Borderless Higher Education and is
based primarily on data collected between July and December
- Lawton, William et al. (September 2013) Horizon
scanning: what will higher education look like in 2020 ?
click here for the report This 'horizon scan' of higher
education in 2020 is based on telephone interviews conducted in May
and June 2013, other conversations by phone and e-mail, and the
Observatory's extrapolation of current trends in international
higher education and the public discourse around them. The core
interviewees are listed in the Annex, along with the questions
asked of them.
- McBurnie, G, Ziguras, C, 2007, Transnational
education: issues and trends in offshore higher education,
Routledge, Abingdon. http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415372671/
This book covers a range of topics of relevance to transnational
education, including the extent and form of offshore activity, the
pedagogical and cultural controversies that have plagued
transnational education, the challenges it presents to governments,
educators and HE managers, regulation, and new opportunities.
- QAA, Higher Education Empirical
A bibiography of a range of articles/ publications on TNE
from the Quality Assurance Agency.
- Shams, F and Huisman, J, published online 19
August 2011, Managing Offshore Branch Campuses: An Analytical
Framework for Institutional Strategies, Journal of Studies in
International Education. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1028315311413470 The
aim of this article is to develop a framework that encapsulates the
key managerial complexities of running offshore branch
- Smith, K, 2010, Assuring quality in transnational
higher education: a matter of collaboration or control?, Studies in
Higher Education, vol. 35, iss. 7, pp. 793-806. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03075070903340559 The
article looks at three codes of practice from major exporters of
higher education: USA, UK and Australia. The article focuses
specifically on the roles and responsibilities of the awarding
higher education institution and their partner, issues of
equivalence and opportunities for adaptation of curricula to meet
global and local requirements.
- Zigaras, Christopher, Global Trends and Key
Trends in Transnational Education (November 2011)
In addition to the above resources, there are a number of
journal articles and other resources available which focus on
transnational education activities in specific countries.
Visit further information
sources for guidance on where you can find these.